Thus we can make an analysis of the levels of reading of the pupils and its reality. To if establishing a relation dialectic between the proper culture and the other people’s culture it is possible to perceive aspects of the proper culture, that, until then, nor always were questioned or if it wants perceived. To emit values or to question on behaviors of another culture, having as deep cloth of the proper culture, can be a rewarding and enriquecedor exercise. Therefore, JANZEN (1994, P. 140). One estimated (almost) unanimous one in most diverse chains of inquiry of the area is the recognition of that each person, from its proper system of orientation, leaving of one differentiated background cultural, it will look for to interact with ideas and values that are used in the strange culture.
We observe a trend to the etnocentrismo, leaving of the proper attitude/perception in relation to the other that will take to a rejection movement/approach. If the professor of the initial series by means of the pedagogical mediation to point ways with respect to the active understanding of the reality of the pupils, certainly they will be more apt to establish linkings between its proper reality and of the other, what she generates greater self-knowledge and a critical positioning before its proper existence, the opposite of many practical pedagogical that does not take in consideration the reality of each place, to follow we will argue these questions in practical and the learning of the reading and writing in some classrooms of education in the field of the city of Manoel Vitorino-BA. 2. Adaptation of the proposal pedagogical and the identity of the agricultural schools This work was the result of comments and theoretical and practical research in relation to the learning of the reading and writing in two classrooms of education in the field, initial years of basic education.